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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\fmodern\cpg0\fcharset0 Courier New;}{\f1\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\fmodern\cpg1252\fcharset0 Courier New;}{\f3\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f4\fmodern\cpg1251\fcharset204 Courier New;}{\f5\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f6\fmodern\cpg1250\fcharset238 Courier New;}{\f7\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fmodern\cpg1257\fcharset186 Courier New;}{\f9\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f10\fmodern\cpg1254\fcharset162 Courier New;}{\f11\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f12\fmodern\cpg1253\fcharset161 Courier New;}{\f13\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f14\fmodern\cpg1255\fcharset177 Courier New;}{\f15\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f3\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1501\margr5169\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1501\margrsxn5169\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li32\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 CHAPTER XIV}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2056\fi-1397\ri475\sb187\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs29 HARSAVARDHANA OF THANESVAR \expndtw-17 AND KANAUJ\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li36\fi0\ri0\sb194\sa0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw5\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Importance emphasised by ample materials}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi457\ri0\sb169\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The seventh century A.D. begins with the appear\-\expndtw0 ance of a remarkable figure on the political stage, and \expndtw4 although Harsavardhana had neither the lofty idealism \expndtw1 of ASoka nor the military skill of Candragupta Maurya, \expndtw2 yet he has succeeded in arresting the attention of the historian like both those great rulers. This has, indeed, \expndtw1 been largely due to the existence of two contemporary \expndtw3 works, viz., Bana's \i Harsacarita \i0 and Yuan Chwang's \i\expndtw6 Si-yu-ki \i0 or the \i Records \i0 of his travels, which are here \expndtw10 and there supplemented by epigraphic documents\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw-1 and the \i Life of Yuan Chwcing \i0 written by Hwui-li.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb137\sa0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw8\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Ancestors of Harsa}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi428\ri7\sb115\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 According to the \i Harsacarita, \i0 the predecessors \expndtw11 of Harsa were all rulers of the land of Srikantha \expndtw2 (Thanes'var). It traces the genealogy to the remote \expndtw9 Puspabhuti, a devout Saiva, but the inscriptions of \expndtw0 Harsa mention the names of only four of his immediate ancestors. The kingdom was founded by Naravarclhana \expndtw3 about the close of the fifth or the beginning of the sixth}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li364\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx486 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-1 See my \i History of Kanauj., \i0 (Benares, 1937), pp. 61-187.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi364\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx486 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 See the Banskhera copper-plate \i (Ep. Ind.\sub t\nosupersub  \i0 IV, pp. 208-11);\line \expndtw4 Madhuban C. P. \i (Ibid., \i0 I, pp. 67-75); Sonpat copper seal \i (C, I. I.,\line \i0 Ill, no. 52, pp. 231-32), besides the Nalanda seals \i (Ep. \i0 /W., XXI,\line \expndtw3 April  1931, pp.  74-76),   and  the Aihole-Meguti   inscription   of\line \expndtw5 Pulakesin II \i (Ep. Ind., \i0 VI, pp. 1-12.)}\par }